A lottery is an arrangement in which one or more prizes are allocated by a process that relies solely on chance. Prizes might be money, property, goods, services, or even life itself. Prizes might be awarded individually or in groups, and they may also be allocated according to different categories of ticketholders. While there are many different ways to organize a lottery, the rules for each must follow specific laws.
Lotteries are an ancient pastime, and they have often been used for both fun and serious purposes. For example, the Romans used them as party games during the Saturnalia festivities, and the biblical text mentions a wide variety of uses for casting lots, from determining who would be given land in Israel to selecting Jesus’ garments after the Crucifixion. Modern lotteries can be found in military conscription, commercial promotions in which the winning prize is a free product or service, and jury selection. The most common kind of lottery is a gambling event, in which money or property is awarded through a random process.
Cohen writes that, for a time, the lottery was an object of national obsession, with Americans fantasizing about winning multimillion-dollar jackpots. The fervor for the lottery grew at a time, however, when America’s working class was falling ever farther behind in financial security, as the income gap increased, job-security benefits eroded, health-care costs rose, and the long-standing national promise that education and hard work would enable people to enjoy a better lifestyle than their parents had achieved ceased to be true for most people.
It is not surprising, therefore, that the first people to assemble for the lottery in Jackson’s story are children. Their appearance indicates that the kids consider this an important tradition, and the use of “of course” implies that it has always been a part of their town’s annual festival. The fact that the kids are the first to arrive also shows their enthusiasm for the lottery and indicates that they view it as a holy ceremony.
The children gather in the center of the town, and they are accompanied by their parents. The oldest child, named Dickie Delacroix, is seen piling rocks with the other boys, and his last name translates to “the cross”. This could be an indication of the importance of the lottery to the townspeople, as well as a warning that they are going to break the law.
Early American lotteries were a common means of raising funds for everything from civil defense to public works, and they became especially popular in the fourteen-hundreds when a public lottery was established to help pay for the Revolutionary War. The Continental Congress even tried to establish a national lottery, but that effort was ultimately unsuccessful. Privately organized lotteries, meanwhile, were common in England and the United States as a way to sell products or properties for more than they could be obtained in regular sales.